According to identify the practice, one rooster is needed for every ten hens. Whatever the case, the “golden ratio” for your flock will depend on how many hens you have and what breeds they are.
For instance, breeds like Leghorns and Fayoumis are light and gregarious and can tolerate a larger rooster-to-hen ratio (12:1).
The rooster is primarily responsible for breeding game birds. However, a breeder can control specific factors, such as egg and chick management, to make the process more efficient overall.
In this article, we will talk about gamefowl breeding pairs Guidelines, tips, and myths techniques about breeding programs.
Table of Contents
Gamefowl Breeding Guidelines:
Fighting cock breeding is a very rewarding sport that can provide enormous happiness, but it is also time-consuming, tedious, and needs your full attention. Don’t devote yourself to breeding if you don’t have the time.
The good news is that a sizable and lucrative local market for game fowl roosters makes breeding a viable business. Newcomers are typically introduced to gamefowl activities by family and friends.
When asked what aspect of breeding they like the most, many cited the satisfaction of seeing their birds triumph in competitions.
Even if you only purchase one rooster, you should learn everything you can about the top American gamefowl breeders. Go to some experimental breeders and observe how they rear their animals as a place to start.
Using publicly available resources and watching films are great ways to learn much about the subject.
If you use the Internet, there are many fighting cock-related websites that can provide you with some of the information you need.
You can also ask your friends if they’d be willing to share their expertise and experiences on breeding with you. However, care because not everyone wants to share their knowledge with you.
There is a lot of rivalry and envy among some breeders. Try to find those who are aware of your enthusiasm and inclined to lend a hand.
Start with the right planning and within your expenses:
Plan the reproduction for the appropriate dates, cost, and area. Through selective breeding and incubation, you can gradually keep your population manageable.
Quality is more important than quantity. Thus you must be prepared to sacrifice any animal that is subpar or has defects. Never get more birds than we can care for; ensure your garden is in ideal shape.
Always Start with the proper foundation (Dont ignore the last step):
Since fighting cocks breed a little later than other cocks, the adage “The end justifies the means” is somewhat accurate.
Successful breeders have mastered the art of producing champion game birds and are adamant that breeding becomes futile and expensive when it begins with subpar materials. That is cheap in every sense of the word.
Making ensuring the reproducers are adequate is the first rule. The following steps must be kept in mind while choosing a solid breeding strategy:
Get the bloodlines from breeders who have made a name for themselves in the industry or are currently on a winning streak.
Gather the lines that are tethered to one another.
If you can, determine which lineage best represents your family.
Find the most trustworthy source for the bloodline you need.
Once the best source has been found, attempt to purchase everything it offers, even if it is more expensive.
Focus on just one or two races at a time(3rd step is important):
If you want to become a high-quality breeder, your first step should be to specialize in no more than one or two different fighting rooster breeds. The infusion, kinship, and choice of bloodlines can accomplish this.
The most typical method of keeping a strain is line selection. If a cheek is raised by her father, grandfather, or great-grandfather, a rooster will be presented by his mother, grandmother, or even great-grandmother. It will also work if you raise kids with your cousins, aunts, or uncles.
Brother-sister upbringing is an example of inbreeding. It is crucial when certain strain traits or genes need to be highlighted or blocked.
The purpose of crossing, which occurs when two separate families are combined, is to create roosters that are combat-ready and agile.
The main driver for the crossing was the hybrid vigor. It is a way to raise a child who will make their parents proud and be superior, quicker, stronger, and wiser.
How can you get winner roosters? (5 Essential steps)
Unfortunately, there is no better method than “try and failure” to learn how to get winning fighting roosters from a strong pedigree, albeit it can be easier or more difficult depending on the person you call to help you get oriented in the matter. Here are a few tips on how to find quality fighting cocks:
Based on your needs, choose suitable stallions and hens (of good breeding), and never choose a rooster out of instinct. It’s important to maintain objectivity, carefully consider what you already have and what you want, and, if necessary, change the reproducers if something doesn’t quite convince you.
The backbone of your reproducers’ strength and health, and their ability to generate equal or superior progeny to them, is the meal for fighting roosters. Don’t skimp on the food; only purchase items of the best caliber.
Implement a vaccination programme for everyone, including the females planning to have children and their offspring. Try to maintain the health of your animals. If a hen or stallion gets sick, take it out of the breeding lots and don’t use it that season because it will probably produce ill or subpar offspring.
The basic building block for enabling them to reach their full potential is the vitamins for rooster fighting. Never forget to take only the best vitamins.
Discard an egg as a fighting cock and avoid using it in any fights if it becomes unwell or does not develop normally because the animal will never reach its full potential. I sincerely hope this essay has been useful to you, and I wish you success whenever you decide to begin breeding fighting cocks. Keep in mind that great breeders are made of small details.
5 Best Gamefowl Breeding Tips & Techniques:
Here are 5 Breeding Tips for Managing Eggs & Chicks.
1. Set clear goals for your breeding program.
If a breeder has a defined or quantifiable gamefowl breeding aim, they can easily assess the efficacy of particular matings and bloodlines.
Clear aims and objectives should therefore be established at the outset of the breeding program. These are typically evaluated in terms of the progeny testing’s winning percentage.
The birds must be healthy and well-behaved when selecting breeding stock. They must exhibit favorable qualities for you to function at your best!
2. Keep an eye on the rooster’s actions:
Some roosters are more eager than others, which could cause accidental injury to the hens’ physical safety.
Maintaining the hens’ physical and mental health is crucial for breeding, so if they are losing feathers or seem a little anxious, you may temporarily halt your breeding program. Then go ahead and introduce a different rooster once (she) has healed.
3. Managing the hen-to-rooster ratio
The standard ratio is one rooster to every ten hens. Whatever the case, the “golden ratio” for your flock will depend on how many hens you have and what breeds they are.
For instance, light and social breeds like Leghorns and Fayoumis may handle a higher rooster-to-hen ratio (12:1). Due to their reputation as lively breeds, they can now serve more hens.
A lower percentage (6:1) should be used for mellow species, such as Silkies and Orpingtons, to give the rooster the best chance of properly tending to his flock.
You could worry about competition among the roosters.
Nevertheless, as long as sufficient, they can live together peacefully if enough hens exist. Additionally, having more than one rooster can increase the fertility of your breeding flock.
4. Management of eggs during fertilization:
The candling process is a way to determine whether breeding has been successful. The act of candling involves shining a bright light in a completely dark area underneath the egg’s large end.
A black patch with a few veins resembling spiders should grow around the egg’s center if it is fertile.
Otherwise, there will only be the outline of a golden yolk, devoid of any veins or signs of an embryo, to be seen.
Additionally, having more than one rooster can increase the fertility of your breeding flock.
5. Give newly hatched chicks the care and attention they require (3 simple steps):
The chicks cannot be kept in the incubator long after the eggs have hatched. Move the chicks to a brooding space, essential to their survival and growth in the early stages, for successful care of the young birds.
A clean, spacious, secure, and free from potential predators and chilly draughts brooding area is excellent. A slip-resistant or “grippable” and absorbent floor is also necessary if you don’t want kids to have any problems with their legs and feet. They must also have easy access to water and chick food.
Important details you should be aware of:
Strain. To be classified as a strain, a family of gamebirds must have similar physical attributes and readily distinguishable traits that set them apart. Strains must also be capable of self-reproduction. All gamefowl varieties are man-made variations of the Southeast Asian Wild Red Jungle Fowl (perhaps the local labuyo). The birds we see today were created through selective breeding. One man’s vision led to the development of a strain. It has been developed with a single-family over many generations through selective breeding.
Breeding a cock with a group of hens is known as group breeding. It is similar to flock breeding, except only one cock is bred to fewer hens at a time.
Single breeding, where a cock mates with just one hen or alternates with three or four individually confined hens.
Concentrate on a maximum of two or one breeds.
If you want to become a breeder of good-grade gamefowl, you should focus on no more than one or two breeds. Methods that could be used to achieve this:
It is the most typical method of keeping a strain. When a pullet is bred to her father, grandpa, or great-grandfather, a cock will breed to his mother, grandmother, or even great-grandmother. Breeding to their cousins, aunts, or uncles will produce offspring.
Brother-to-sister breeding is referred to as inbreeding. Highlighting or preserving your strain’s positive genes or characteristics is crucial.
Out-crossing is the process of bringing in fresh blood. Outcrossing is mostly done to make battlecocks. You’re either going to sell these or engage in combat with them.
Establishing a high level of hybrid vigour is the fundamental goal of out-crossing. Hybrid vigour produces offspring that are better than their parents in all areas—better, quicker, stronger, smarter, and more competitive.
13 Typical Myths About Gamefowl Breeding
The majority of breeding myths that we have heard from strangers have been compiled. It is typical for newcomers to hold such incorrect beliefs. Crossbred pair to crossbreds is a poor place to start a breeding program.
The breeding system will eventually fail. It is only a matter of time. Even seasoned breeders still have these incorrect beliefs about breeding, which is ironic.
1. The hen contributes more genes to the offspring.
2. The Hen Contributes to the Male Offspring’s Gameness.
3. Self-Breeding Saves More Resources
4. Preservation of the Bloodlines
5. Require Bloodlines
7. Requirements for the Objective
8. In females, the Y chromosome accounts for 50% of the chromosomes.
9. The Best Brood Cock is the Multi-Time Winner
10. Hens remain monogamous for an entire season.
11. Before mating, hens won’t lay eggs.
12. Natural Hatching Is Better Than Artificial Hatching
13. Once every day, the Materials must mate.
In light of the preceding, the birds’ health, temperament, and genetic diversity should always come first when breeding game birds.
Selecting breeding partners who are in good health, have pleasant temperaments, and are genetically diverse can aid in producing high-caliber offspring that do well in competitions or exhibitions.
Maintaining accurate records of your breeding program and seeking advice from knowledgeable breeders or vets will help you choose the right birds and pair them properly.
You can breed a wholesome and robust gamefowl and perform at their peak according to these recommendations and local laws and restrictions.